R1, R2 and R3 Single-Family Residential Districts

Purpose
The R1, R2 and R3 Residential Districts are intended to provide for neighborhoods with a distinctive rural setting complemented by a residential character of the highest quality. The R1 District has a two acre minimum lots size; the R2 District has a minimum lot requirement of one acre; and the R3 District requires lots to be a minimum of ½ acre in area. Each of these residential districts result in desirable single-family environments with homes on spacious and wooded lots.

Permitted and Special Uses
To protect the residential character of these residential districts, permitted uses are limited to single-family homes and uses and buildings which are accessory to these homes. Community residential homes are also permitted in these residential districts. Certain cultural, educational, recreational, religious and public uses are also specified as appropriate to locate in these residential districts. However, given the unique nature of their operation and/or the services they provide to our residents, these additional uses, identified as "Special Uses", require careful consideration as to their proper location in relation to adjacent neighborhoods.

R2A Single-Family Residential District

Purpose
The R2A Residential District is intended to encourage a creative approach to the use of land, preserve natural vegetation and topographic features, enhance the appearance of neighborhoods through the conservation of forested areas and bodies of water, and preserve wildlife habitat. The District regulations are designed to permit the development of environmentally sensitive areas with large residential lots through the application of responsible planning techniques and environmentally responsive criteria.

Permitted and Special Uses
To protect the residential character, while providing access to the environmentally sensitive areas, permitted uses in the R2A District are limited to single-family homes, residential accessory uses, forest preserves, parks, trail systems and non-boarding educational institutions. Community residential homes are also permitted in the R2A District. Certain cultural, recreational, religious and public uses are also specified as appropriate to locate in these residential districts. However, given the unique nature of their operation and/or the services they provide to our residents, these additional uses, identified as "Special Uses", require careful consideration as to their proper location in relation to adjacent properties.

Density and Bulk Regulations
Density in the R2A District is determined for the overall tract of land, rather than on an individual lot basis. The allowable density on each tract of land may be 0.5 to 1 dwelling unit per acre. One tool which encourages greater flexibility and creativity when developing a sensitive site is a density premium up to 1.25 units per acre when particular attention is paid to protect and preserve the site’s natural resources. While no lot may be less than 20,000 sq. ft., the average lot size for an individual tract may be 22,000 sq. ft. As in other single-family residential districts, the building height is limited to 35 feet or 2½ stories in the R2A District.

Bulk and Setback Regulations
The size and placement of a residence on its lot is regulated to ensure adequate spacing of homes within each district. The regulations vary for each district and are a function of the minimum lot size allowed in the specific district. The following chart summarizes the bulk and setback regulations in the R1, R2, R2A and R3 Districts:

 R1 DistrictR2 DistrictR2A DistrictR3 District
Minimum Lot Size 80,000 s.f. 40,000 s.f. 20,000 s.f. 20,000 s.f.
Minimum Frontage 150 feet 120 feet 100 feet 100 feet
Floor Area Ratio 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25
Maximum Building Height 2½ stories or 40 feet 2½ stories or 35 feet 2½ stories or 35 feet 2 stories or 30 feet
Front Yard Not less than 50 feet Not less than 40 feet Not less than 20 feet Not less than 30 feet
Corner Side Yard Not less than 20 feet Not less than 20 feet Not less than 20 feet Not less than 20 feet
Interior Side Yard Not less than 30 feet Not less than 20 feet Not less than 10 feet Not less than 10 feet
Rear Yard Not less than 50 feet Not less than 40 feet Not less than 35 feet Not less than 30 feet

R4 Single-Family Attached Residential District

Purpose
The R4 District is intended to provide low to moderate density multi-family residential options in areas adjacent to commercial districts, other moderate density residential districts, public or non-residential land uses. This district is intended to be occupied primarily by attached single family dwellings in structures of a size that are compatible with the single-family character of Lincolnshire. Density of projects for attached single-family dwellings are intended to be low for developments of this type. Density for multiple-family dwellings are meant to be moderate and should be based on the degree to which the development fulfills the objectives of the Official Comprehensive Plan.

Permitted and Special Uses
Single-family attached units are the principal permitted use in the R4 District. These units must be structures which contain no more than four attached dwelling units. Community residential homes are also permitted in the R4 District. Other permitted uses include attached accessory structures, parks, playgrounds and forest preserves. Special uses in the R4 District include religious and educational institutions, day care facilities, public utility uses and multiple-family structures.

Bulk Regulations
Minimum lot size and yard requirements in the R4 District are determined based on the proposed land use. No building or other structure erected within the R4 District may exceed 3 stories or 36 feet in height, except for church steeples.

R5 Mixed Use General Residence District

Purpose
The R5 District is primarily intended to accommodate multiple-family residential uses adjacent to commercial districts and to provide reuse potential for older commercial areas. However, as a transitional district between commercial and residential uses, this District may also accommodate a limited mix of selected retail uses. Accordingly, mixed-use developments incorporating residential and commercial uses in the same or attached structures may be consistent with this District.

The R5 District is also intended to recognize the special complexity and interaction of land uses in and around the Village Green and Milwaukee Avenue; to allow for flexibility in land use and design which allows multiple structures on one lot; to encourage opportunities for mixed use development; to facilitate the creation of a convenient, attractive and harmonious context of buildings streets, pedestrian ways, parks and open spaces; and to encourage public and private investment that will promote vitality, activity and safety in the area.

Permitted and Special Uses
Single-family attached dwellings and community residential homes are the only uses identified as permitted in the R5 District. Special uses include religious and educational institutions, park and recreation facilities and mixed use developments incorporating commercial and office uses fronting major commercial corridors of the community.

Bulk Regulations
Minimum lot size and yard requirements in the R5 District are determined based on the proposed land use. No building or other structure erected within the R5 District may exceed 3½ stories or 40 feet in height, except for steeples for houses of worship.

Review Criteria
The review and analysis of plans for development within the R5 District shall include the following:

  • Nature of the proposed uses, including ground floor pedestrian traffic patterns, compatibility with adjacent street front uses, and compatibility of any proposed residential uses with other uses in the vicinity;
  • The location and adequacy of off-street parking requirements;
  • The location, design, landscaping and other significant characteristics of public and private open space in relation to the site and adjacent properties;
  • The architectural integrity and compatibility with surrounding properties, including siting, massing, proportion, scale, materials, colors, details, facade treatment, fenestration, lighting and signage.

B1 Retail Business District

The B1 District is intended to provide a location suitable to accommodate a combination of retail, service and office uses in an intensive commercial core area. Permitted and special uses can be placed on relatively small zoning lots which reflects the historical development pattern of Half Day and encouraging a pedestrian environment in retail shopping areas. The minimum lot size for permitted uses is just 15,000 square feet, with a minimum lot width of 100 feet. Building height is limited to 2½ stories or 30 feet, which helps reinforce a pedestrian scaled environment.

B2 General Business District

The B2 District is intended to accommodate those uses which require substantial land area, are major travel destinations, require substantial support parking and draw their clientele or employees from the regional market. Often times such uses require a high degree of access and exposure from major thoroughfares. The minimum lot size for permitted uses in the B2 District is 30,000 square feet, with a minimum lot width of 200 feet. Building height is limited to 3½ stories or 42 feet.

E Small Scale Office Districts

The E Districts (Ea and Eb) are intended to provide low density office uses in areas that are dominated by or may influence single family residential areas of Lincolnshire. These districts are designed to attract the user who desires spacious surroundings characterized by lands endowed with unique natural features or residential settings as opposed to more intensely developed business center. Professional and business offices, financial institutions, and cultural institutions and all appropriate for the E Districts and are identified as Permitted Uses. Special Uses include financial institutions with drive-thru facilities, places of worship, full-service restaurants and medical/dental clinics. Minimum lot sizes in the E Districts are determined by use and are a function of the site’s building height.

M1 Restricted Manufacturing District

The M1 District is intended to provide sites primarily for light manufacturing and light industrial uses under controls which minimize any adverse effects on property in nearby residential and business districts. The minimum lot size in the M1 District is 20,000 square feet with a minimum frontage of 100 feet. Building height in this district is restricted to 45 feet with a floor area ratio of 0.5.

Office/Industrial District

The O/I Districts are intended to provide an environment suitable for office buildings, research and development activities, restrictive industrial, warehousing, and light manufacturing which will not have an adverse impact upon the environmental quality of the Village. Lots must be large and well landscaped and must adhere to stringent performance and design standards. Uses permitted in the O/I District are restricted to those which require a pleasant, hazard-and-nuisance-free environment and do not create either an appreciable nuisance or hazard to other property, individuals, or the public in general.

The District is divided into four subdistricts for the purpose of accommodating office-industrial developments of different character:

O/Ia District
This subdistrict is intended to provide an environment suitable for and limited to large office uses, research and development activities and auxiliary retail/service uses. Development in this subdistrict is limited to parcels readily accessible to major arterial thoroughfares where architecturally coordinated buildings may be integrated into a park-like atmosphere.

O/Ib District
This subdistrict is intended primarily to accommodate office dominant uses with combinations of office/restricted light industrial or office-warehousing uses as long as 25% of the gross floor area of the original principal structure on the zoning lot is devoted to office activities.

O/Ic District
This subdistrict is a restricted light industrial district. It is meant to be located off of secondary roads which are within industrial park developments. Uses permitted in the O/Ia and O/Ib Districts are encouraged in this subdistrict.

O/Id District
This subdistrict is designed to accommodate uses similar in character to those permitted in the O/Ic District, and in addition, to industrial users who require rail service, while maintaining a controlled structural and activity environment which meets the criteria of bulk regulations, performance standards and other design standards. It is further intended to permit such uses to occur on lots smaller than those permitted in the O/Ic District.

Office Campus District

The Office Campus District is intended to provide large, planned corporate campus sites immediately adjacent to or in close proximity to interstate highways for professional office campus and headquarters. These developments are to be conceived and implemented as comprehensive and unified developments, may contain multiple principal structures on the same lot, and shall be designed to achieve the conscientious preservation/enhancement of existing high quality natural environment and/or buffering of surrounding residential neighborhoods.